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What You Need To Know About Web Development

You’ve most likely navigated your way to the internet and searched for terms such as “web development basics” or “web development for beginners.” Rest assured that you are on the right track. Simply put, this blog post will teach you everything you need to know about how web development works in a clear and understandable manner. 

Learning web development skills can be extremely difficult and confusing if you lack a solid foundation upon which to build. I hope that by continuing to read, this post will help you convey the information in the most concise and understandable manner possible.

Excellent! Because it indicates that you have taken the first step toward deciding to pursue learning web development by taking the first step toward your goal.

What is Web Development?

Web development refers to building, creating, and maintaining websites. It includes aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management.

While web developers are responsible for the coding and programming aspect of a website, the web designers design the theme, layout, and images and decide the color scheme of the website, which is then used by a web developer in putting together the website.

Skipping to the most exciting part, let’s learn about the vital roles of technologies such as programming languages, plugins, and themes. The main topics will consist of

  1. Web Development Basics
  2. Types of Web Development
  3. The Web Development Process
  4. The Web Development Resources

What are Web Development Basics

Now that you know the definition of web development, we’ll go to the sub-topics to better understand the fully main topic. The following are the sub-factors that made up the web development.

  • Website
  • IP Address
  • What is HTTP?
  • Front-end
  • Back-end
  • CMS
  • Coding
  • Cybersecurity

1. Website

A website is a collection of publicly accessible, interlinked Web pages that share a single domain name. Websites can be created and maintained by an individual, group, business, or organization to serve a variety of purposes. Together, all publicly accessible websites constitute the World Wide Web.

2. Internet Protocol (IP)

An IP address, or Internet Protocol address, is a series of numbers that identifies any device on a network. Computers use IP addresses to communicate with each other both over the internet as well as on other networks. Read on to learn how IP addresses work and why it’s so important to protect yours with dedicated privacy software.

3. What is HTTP?

HTTP is a protocol for fetching resources such as HTML documents. It is the foundation of any data exchange on the Web and it is a client-server protocol, which means requests are initiated by the recipient, usually the Web browser. A complete document is reconstructed from the different sub-documents fetched, for instance, text, layout description, images, videos, scripts, and more.

4. Front-end

The front-end is built using a combination of technologies such as Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), JavaScript, and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). Front-end developers design and construct the user experience elements on the web page or app including buttons, menus, pages, links, graphics, and more.

5. Back-end

The backend is the server-side of the website. It stores and arranges data, and also makes sure everything on the client-side of the website works fine. It is the part of the website that you cannot see and interact with. It is the portion of software that does not come in direct contact with the users. The parts and characteristics developed by backend designers are indirectly accessed by users through a front-end application.

6. CMS

A content management system (CMS) is an application that is used to manage content, allowing multiple contributors to create, edit and publish. Content in a CMS is typically stored in a database and displayed in a presentation layer based on a set of templates like a website.

7. Coding

Coding is the process of transforming computer instructions into a form a computer can understand. Every website and app operates because programmers write code. However, you do not have to work in technology to use coding. In fact, job hunters can find most coding jobs outside of the tech industry.

8. Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is the act of protecting information from threats across the internet. Also, cybersecurity is the application of technologies, processes and controls to protect systems, networks, programs, devices and data from cyber-attacks.

Basic Types of Web Development

  • Front-end Development
  • Back-end Development
  • Full-stack Development

Front-End Development

Front-end web development is responsible for the look and feel of a website. This means how colors, type, icons, and images appear. Increasingly, front-end development has to account for how a website looks on all devices, from desktop to tablet to phone. Typical programming languages include HTML, JavaScript, and CSS. Front-end developers keep up with cutting-edge trends in web design and development to make sure websites are optimized for users and search engines — and with security best practices in mind.

Back-end Development

Back-end web development is responsible for building and maintaining the code that runs a website. This code connects the website to the server and ensures that data flows properly to the website and that transactions are processed correctly. Typical programming languages include Java (different from JavaScript), PHP, and MySQL; newer tools include Python and Golang. Back-end web developers can keep up with changes in technology by participating in networking communities that share coding tips and support.

Full-stack Development

Full-stack web development covers both front-end and back-end responsibilities. Depending on the complexity of a website, a full-stack developer may be responsible for all facets of its development, from the server-side to the user interface. Many full-stack developers may still specialize in one aspect of web development, but their broad experience is useful in troubleshooting or speeding up a build or redesign. Full-stack developers are often responsible for identifying cutting-edge technologies, such as enhanced programming languages (or even no- or low-code trends) and blockchain, that can be used to strengthen websites’ business capabilities.